|Half way between private and State institutions, the Regole are peculiar organizations which, from a juridical point of view, can be described as “mountain family communities”.
The Italian State acknowledges the legal status of the private law and the freedom of independent management - in conformity with their own Regulations or statutes - to the Regole d’Ampezzo as well as to many other similar institutions that exist all over the Alps and the Apennines -.
However, the collective property and its obligations are considered as the environmental heritage that has assumed national importance. The forests and the mountains of the Regole are, in fact, among the most beautiful in the Dolomites and have therefore to be considered everyone’s heritage.
The negotiations between the State and the Regional governments, to have the Regole accepted as part of the Italian juridical system, have been rather long and difficult. Yet the Regole have eventually been acknowledged for their important function of preserving the territory and protecting the environment.
The Veneto government has acknowledged this value and since 1990 has entrusted to the Regole the management of the Regional Natural Park of the Ampezzo Dolomites, this being the first case in Italy of a regional park managed by a private organisation.
|For centuries, the patrimony of the Regole has been utilised for the benefit of the community through pasturing activities, tree felling and sale of trees, for both construction timber for the dwelling homes of the Regolieri and firewood for heating.
The common property is enjoyed according to the needs of each family, and the use of forests and pasturelands is regulated by the Laudi, ancient written codes that have been handed down for centuries and, almost unaltered, are still respected and held as valid today.
The community has always protected the common heritage of forests and pastures by some special restrictions
- intended use: agro-forestry
the property is intended for perpetual forest and pasture use in perpetuity.
prohibition to sell or transfer the property to others
prohibition to divide up the property among the Regolieri or with others
Currently, the law provides other modes of protection:
impossibility , for the property of the Regole, to be gained by usucaption
- common interest
the environmental value of the heritage goes beyond the interest of the Regole and is extended to the whole community.
|Laudo della Comunanza delle Regole d'Ampezzo (vigente, anno 2005)
Regolamento al Laudo delle Regole d'Ampezzo (vigente, anno 2007)
Legge 25 luglio 1952, n. 991, art. 34
Provvedimenti in favore dei territori montani
Decreto del Presidente della Repubblica 16 novembre 1952, n. 1979, art. 30
Regolamento per l'esecuzione della Legge 25 luglio 1952, n. 991
Legge 3 dicembre 1971 n. 1102, art. 10-11
Nuove norme per lo sviluppo della montagna
Legge regionale del Veneto 22 marzo 1990 n.21
Norme per l'istituzione del Parco delle Dolomiti d'Ampezzo
Legge 31 gennaio 1994, n. 97, art. 3
Nuove disposizioni per le zone montane
Legge Regionale del Veneto 19 agosto 1996 n. 26
Riordino delle Regole